Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases across the world. According to the American Academy of Asthma, about 10% of Americans suffer from asthma. Asthma affects the lungs and airways. The common symptoms include coughing, persistent episodes of wheezing, recurrent chest tightness, and difficulty breathing. It’s worth mentioning that asthma cannot be cured, but it can be managed.
The following are some of the ways you can manage asthma.
- Avoid environmental allergens and smoking tobacco
You should always keep your home free of dust and allergens as much as you can since that may help you manage your asthma symptoms. The following are the things you can do to keep your home free of environmental allergens:
- Dusting and vacuuming to reduce dust
- Using air conditioners, to minimize the amount of pollen in the air in your house.
- Using beddings that are allergen-free to reduce your exposure to allergens while sleeping.
- Not smoking inside the house.
- Exercising to boost your overall health
Some health conditions like heart disease and obesity can cause asthma. Regular exercise is critical in controlling weight, managing asthma, and relieving its symptoms. Before you start any exercise routine, you should talk to your doctor. The doctor will determine if you are healthy and fit enough for the exercise, and the types of exercise that’s perfect for you. You can exercise for at least 30 minutes daily.
Do activities that you like such as biking, swimming, walking, running, etc. You should avoid exercising when levels of allergens like grass weed, mold, and pollen are high.
- Eat a healthy diet
A healthy diet just like exercise can boost your overall health and help you to manage asthma. Kids with asthma should eat a balanced diet of three meals and two snacks daily to help keep their weight and asthma symptoms in check. Avoid foods that can trigger asthma symptoms. Usually, foods that contain Sulfites may worsen asthma symptoms. These foods include dried fruits, wine, and pickles.
- Minimize exposure to environmental triggers
Asthma can get worse if a patient is exposed to environmental factors such as pollen or dust. So if a patient limits their exposure to these triggers, they can manage their asthma and prevent future attacks. You can reduce the exposure to environmental triggers by reducing the amount of dust in your home by vacuuming, cleaning regularly to remove dust, pollen, and mold spores, and cooling your home with an air conditioner to reduce the amount of pollen in the air.
- See a doctor
Managing asthma with a family doctor can make the condition stable. So it is very important to see your doctor regularly if you suffer from asthma. This makes it easy for the doctor to review your treatment and monitor the progress. You should also visit a doctor if your symptoms get worse or if you find it hard to manage the symptoms. You can let the doctor know the factors that make your asthma worse or better.