The mosquito is a tiny, annoying, and occasionally lethal creature. They may not be as big and scary as bears or other large predators, but they are far more dangerous. They’re also very common, so everyone needs to understand why they are so dangerous and the things they can do to minimize the danger.

How They Hurt Us

Mosquitoes are dangerous because their bites spread disease, and they do that much more effectively than most species. When most species bite, they tear the skin and drink directly from the wound. Mosquitoes work differently. They insert their proboscis into the skin like a needle, which causes saliva to enter the body while it drinks blood.

That saliva often carries diseases, which get injected directly into the body. The bite itself is mostly harmless, but the diseases are some of the most dangerous that afflict humanity.

Dangerous Disease

Mosquitoes are responsible for spreading many of the world’s most famous diseases. Some of the most lethal of them include Malaria, the Zika virus, and the West Nile virus. Many of these diseases are more common in the developer world than in more developed countries due to differences in mosquito control efforts and medical treatments, but they do occur all over the world.

They can also cause serious problems even when they do not turn out to be lethal. Many of them include long recovery periods that can prevent people from working, and some can cause permanent damage to survivors. That means that they’re a problem even for people who can treat them, so the best thing to do is to try to prevent the bites in the first place.

Preventing Problems

The best way to prevent mosquito bites is to keep the population under control. Mosquitoes lay their eggs in pools of stagnant water, so you should try to keep those off of your property. Drain pools, birdbaths, and other containers if they are not in use, and change the water frequently if you do need to keep them filled. Be wary of keeping buckets or anything else that can hold water outdoors, and make a point of emptying them after the rain fills them up. It doesn’t take much water to support mosquito eggs, so even small buckets can be a problem.

The next best method is to eliminate a population that already exists. That usually means calling in local specialists, such as the Mosquito Squad of Greater Indianapolis, because it calls for specialized equipment. Experts also know what to look for to make sure they get all of the mosquitoes.

Individuals can reduce their risks by using insect repellents and avoiding exposed skin. It’s hard to get perfect protection, but reducing the number of bites is a great way to reduce the risk of catching a disease.